Native Americans

The nomadic tribes survived on hunting. The bison was their main source of food and items such as cups, decorations, tools, knives, and clothing.

Iroquois Family Life

The Iroquois are thought to be one of the most intellectually advanced native peoples.

Pawnee Family Life

The Pawnee had a sedentary lifestyle combining village life and seasonal hunting, which had long been established on the Plains.

Many religions were animist, teaching that all things are alive and possess spirits. Earth was important as the mother of all spirits.

Creation Myths

An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.


Spiritual stories are deeply based in Nature and are rich with the symbolism of seasons, weather, plants, animals, earth, water, sky and fire.

Native Americans had many ceremonies and dances that were woven into their everyday life.


Dance ceremonies are vital to the Native American way of life.


Native Americans had a variety of ways of honoring their dead.

A warrior was viewed by the people as a protector, provider, and leader. Warriors gained rank in society by performing and accumulating various acts of bravery in battle known as coups.


A Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy known as Tecumseh’s Confederacy.

Red Cloud

Red Cloud was a very strong war leader and a chief of the Oglala Lakota.

Native Americans had a very developed culture of warfare and a sophisticated weaponry utilizing pre-bronze age technology.

Chief Joseph

Leader of the Wallowa band of Nez Perce.

Sitting Bull

Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies.

Crazy Horse

A war leader of the Oglala Lakota. He took up arms to fight against encroachments on the territories and way of life of his people.